Eisert Crew - Assigned 755th Squadron - September 11, 1944
|Capt||Frederick J Eisert||0433086||Pilot||02-May-45||CT||Assigned HQ Det 458th Air Insp|
|1Lt||Walter A Schuch||0828547||Co-pilot||30-Mar-45||CT||35th Mission|
|1Lt||Peter Fedunak||02058445||Navigator||09-Apr-45||CT||Air Crew Leave|
|1Lt||Boyd L Lawson||0773407||Bombardier||May-45||CT||Trsf to 70RD for return to ZI|
|T/Sgt||Gunther O Hepprich||12190029||Radio Operator||May-45||CT||Trsf to 70RD for return to ZI|
|T/Sgt||Albert E Weitz||36817748||Flight Engineer||May-45||CT||Trsf to 70RD for return to ZI|
|S/Sgt||James Heitz||17075590||Aerial Gunner||May-45||CT||Trsf to 70RD for return to ZI|
|S/Sgt||Lawrence Harrington||34572856||Aerial Gunner||May-45||CT||Trsf to 70RD for return to ZI|
|S/Sgt||Robert P Gellock, Jr||33829623||Armorer-Gunner||May-45||CT||Trsf to 70RD for return to ZI|
|S/Sgt||Thomas J Trowbridge||37682297||Aerial Gunner||May-45||CT||Trsf to 70RD for return to ZI|
1Lt Fred J. Eisert and his crew arrived at Horsham St. Faith on September 11, 1944, just as the group was coming off of combat operations for a month in order to ferry gasoline to Patton’s army in France. The crew flew their first mission on October 5, 1944 to Paderborn, Germany, and their last on April 25, 1945 to Bad Reichenhall, the last Eighth Air Force mission of the war. The crew’s entire combat tour consisted of targets in Germany, including one trip to Berlin, and five missions to Magdeburg, four of which were flown consecutively. Eisert flew five missions as squadron lead and one (April 25, 1945) as deputy group lead. The crew received a commendation for their efforts on the March 19, 1945 mission to Leipheim. They led the second squadron over the target, and bombardier 1Lt Edouard Jacques achieved “Excellent” bombing results with his drop. Most of the crew were transferred to the 70th Replacement Depot in May 1945 and then rotated back to the States.
The crew was originally assigned to the 755th Squadron, but was transferred to the 752nd Squadron on October 23, 1944. It was at this time that the group had decided the 755th Squadron was going to be filled with lead crews, so many of the crews in all squadrons were shuffled around. Eisert flew 13 missions with the 752nd during October and November. At the end of November the crew was evidently chosen for lead training and their missions ceased for one month. They were all transferred back into the 755th Squadron on December 20th with the exception of co-pilot Walter Schuch, whose seat would be occupied by a command pilot.
A new addition to the crew included 2Lt
Edouard J. Jacques, bombardier, who had been assigned as part of 2Lt
Merlin E. Tebbs' crew in early August. 2Lt Boyd Lawson assumed the
duties of pilotage navigator and in January 2Lt Harold P. Cahn, an
individual replacement, was brought onto the crew as its Mickey (radar)
Navigator. 2Lt Peter Fedunak maintained his position as Dead Reckoning
(DR) Navigator. While the crew was qualified to lead, it appears that
they were called upon to fly in this capacity only six times during
their remaining 19 missions.
Walter Schuch’s flight records and diary
(below) show that he flew as co-pilot and Instructor Pilot on his
remaining missions. The 458th only listed the first pilot on its
formation charts, and it appears that Schuch flew five missions in this
capacity, but which crew or crews he flew with is not known. After the
war he remained in service, serving in the ATC (Air Transport
Command) and ferrying different types of aircraft (many B-24's) to and
from various locations in the States. He eventually attained the rank
Fred Eisert Missions Flown as 1st Pilot
|Date||Target||458th Msn||Pilot Msn||Serial||RCL||Sqdn||A/C Msn||A/C Name||Comments|
|19-Sep-44||HORSHAM to CLASTRES||TR03||--||42-52293||G||J3||T2||JUDY'S BUGGY||CARGO|
|22-Sep-44||HORSHAM to CLASTRES||TR06||--||42-7642||N||44BG||T3||M'DARLING||TRUCKIN' MISSION|
|23-Sep-44||HORSHAM to ST DIZIER||TR07||--||41-28785||B||44BG||T4||NOT 458TH SHIP||ON LOAN FOR TRUCKIN'|
|25-Sep-44||HORSHAM to LILLE||TR08-1||--||42-94996||G+||389BG||T2||LIBERTY BELLE||1ST FLIGHT|
|25-Sep-44||HORSHAM to LILLE||TR08-2||--||42-94996||G+||389BG||T3||LIBERTY BELLE||2ND FLIGHT|
|27-Sep-44||HORSHAM to LILLE||TR10||--||42-64473||R+||453BG||T3||YUVADIT||1ST FLIGHT|
|27-Sep-44||HORSHAM to LILLE||TR10||--||42-64473||R+||453BG||T4||YUVADIT||2ND FLIGHT|
|28-Sep-44||HORSHAM to LILLE||TR11||--||41-29276||G||754||T10||URGIN VIRGIN/The ROTTEN SOCK||TRUCKIN' MISSION|
|29-Sep-44||HORSHAM to LILLE||TR12||--||42-64473||R+||453BG||T5||YUVADIT||TRUCKIN' MISSION|
|30-Sep-44||HORSHAM to LILLE||TR13||--||42-64473||R+||453BG||T6||YUVADIT||TRUCKIN' MISSION|
|06-Oct-44||WENZENDORF||129||ABT||42-95120||M||J3||--||HOOKEM COW / BETTY||#4 ENG; #1 SUPER CHG|
|07-Oct-44||MAGDEBURG||130||2||42-51206||S||7V||3||THE PIED PIPER|
|17-Oct-44||COLOGNE||135||4||42-51206||S||7V||8||THE PIED PIPER|
|22-Oct-44||HAMM||137||5||42-51206||S||7V||10||THE PIED PIPER|
|05-Nov-44||KARLSRUHE||142||8||42-51206||S||7V||15||THE PIED PIPER|
|25-Dec-44||PRONSFELD||158||13||44-10602||P||J3||21||TEN GUN DOTTIE|
|01-Jan-45||KOBLENZ||163||14||44-10602||P||J3||22||TEN GUN DOTTIE|
|08-Jan-45||STADTKYLL||167||15||44-10602||P||J3||25||TEN GUN DOTTIE|
|16-Jan-45||MAGDEBURG||171||16||44-10602||A||J3||26||TEN GUN DOTTIE|
|03-Feb-45||MAGDEBURG||177||17||44-48837||L||J3||5||UNKNOWN 041||COMPOSITE SQDN w/466|
|17-Feb-45||ASCHAFFENBURG M/Y||REC||--||44-10602||E||J4||--||TEN GUN DOTTIE||RECALL - WEATHER|
|23-Feb-45||GERA-REICHENBACH||187||ABT||42-50516||V||J3||--||STARDUST||#1, 2 TURBOS|
|24-Feb-45||BIELEFELD||188||20||42-51939||G||J3||17||UNKNOWN 028||REPLACED 557|
|27-Feb-45||HALLE||191||22||42-51939||G||J3||20||UNKNOWN 028||LEAD 2nd SEC|
|01-Mar-45||INGOLSTADT||193||23||42-51939||G||J3||21||UNKNOWN 028||LEAD 3rd SEC|
|17-Mar-45||HANNOVER||205||27||42-51743||F||J3||22||UNKNOWN 006||LEAD 2nd SEC|
|19-Mar-45||LEIPHEIM||207||28||42-51743||F||J3||24||UNKNOWN 006||LEAD 2nd SEC|
|25-Apr-45||BAD REICHENHALL||230||30||44-50693||P||J3||5||UNKNOWN 054||DEP LEAD GROUP|
Studying the route to the target...
March 19, 1945 - Leipheim, Germany
From the 458th Combat Diary:
"On the 19th we were again favoured with a visual run and proved that the eyes of the bombardiers had not lost their old keenness after such a prolonged run of instrument bombing. Our hapless victim for the day was the A/F at Leipheim, the first A/B we have attacked in quite some time. This was the 3rd largest producer of the jet ME-262’s therefore warranted some good bombing results. Major La Valle, Captains Simes and Polliard led 28 A/C over the target dropping 96x500 GP’s and 178 M17’s by visual methods with excellent results. Crews reported good to excellent results and SAV’s show incendiaries hitting in the target area with a large part of [the] pattern around [the] MPI. GP’s also around MPI. and severing part of the runway. And how’s this for getting them within the 2000’ circle? Lead squadron: 100%, 2nd squadron: 80%, and the 3rd squadron: 97%. Boy that is bombing accuracy any way one wants to look at it. Now give us a few more visual runs and let us show what we can accomplish.”
Click for larger image
(Certificate courtesy: Scott Clark)
1Lt Walter A. Schuch's Missions Flown as 1st Pilot
|Date||Target||458th Msn||Pilot Msn||Serial||RCL||Sqdn||A/C Msn||A/C Name||Comments|
|22-Mar-45||KITZINGEN||210||1||41-29340||N||7V||73||YANKEE BUZZ BOMB|
|23-Mar-45||OSNABRUCK||211||2||44-10487||R||7V||46||Girl on surfboard (no name)|
|25-Mar-45||HITZACKER||214||4||42-52457||Q||7V||108||FINAL APPROACH||DROPPED 12mi OFF TARGET|
|30-Mar-45||WILHELMSHAVEN||215||5||44-10487||R||7V||49||Girl on surfboard (no name)|
Mission Diary of Lt Walter A. Schuch
GAS HAULS [See "Truckin' Missions" page]
9/19/44 - “JUDY’S BUGGY” 642N St. Quentin (Clastres)
9/20/44 - “ “ -- Return To Base
NOSE WHEEL COLLAPSED AT HORSHAM
9/23/44 – 785B-Baker St. Dizier
WASHED OUT LEFT GEAR – RUNWAY CAVED IN
9/24/44 – 473R-Roger - “YUVADIT” (Two) LILLE & RETURN
9/27/44 – “YUVADIT” – LILLE – BASE – LILLE
9/28/44 – “YUVADIT” – BASE FROM LILLE
9/29/44 –“ YUVADIT” – LILLE
9/30/44 – “YUVADIT” – RETURN TO BASE & TO LILLE
10/1/44 – “YUVADIT” – LILLE TO BASE
10/6/44 – “HOOKEM COW” 120M WENZENDORF A.F.
LOST #1 TURBO ON TAKE-OFF – BLEW CYL. ON #4 AT ASSEMBLY. BAD GAS & OIL LEAK IN #4 HAD TO FEATHER & ABORT FORMATION. LOAD- 6000 lbs INCENDIARY
10/7/44 – “PIED PIEPER”[sic] MAGDABURG [sic]
ENGINES NO GOOD – NO TAKEOFF
10/7/44 – “SKERBY” 245J LILLE & RETURN
10/15/44 – “STINKY” 215T- Tare MANNHEIM (P)
TIME - 6:00, LOAD – 16 250# G.P, 40 M17 INCD
VISUAL – LIGHT & HEAVY FLAK
10/17/44 – “PIED PIEPER” 206S (LEVERKUSEN) COLOGNE (P)
TIME – 6:15, LOAD – 16X250 GP, 4 – M17 500# P.F.F.
FLAK GALORE – SHIP IN FRONT BLEW UP DIRECT HIT
10/22/44 – “PIED PIEPER” 206S HAMM (P)
TIME – 6:30, LOAD 8X1000 G.P. P.F.F.
SEEN IT COMING BUT GOD WAS WITH US. HIT IN WAIST, TAIL & 31 ENGINE
11/2/44 – “ STINKY” 215T BIELEFELD (P)
TIME – 6:30, LOAD 16X250 G.P. 4XM17 500# P.F.F.
VERY LIGHT FLAK – THANK GOD FOR THAT
11/4/44 – “PRINCESS PAT” 316H HANOVER (MISBURG) (P)
TIME – 7:00 LOAD 12X500GP PFF-H2X
INTENSE FLAK DON’T KNOW HOW THEY MISSED
11/5/44 – “PIED PIEPER” 206S KARLSRHUE (CP)
TIME 7:30 LOAD 4X2000 PFF-H2X
COULD NOT BOMB PILL BOXES. 10/10’s OVER LINES BELOW METZ. VERY HEAVY FLAK. FIELD SOCKED IN ON RETURN. WHAT A TRIP, WHEW!
11/8/44 – “TOP O’ THE MARK” 110M RHEINE
TIME – 6:00 LOAD 12X500 GP VISUAL
THIS ONE WAS THE KIND YOU READ ABOUT. TRYING TO FIND THE GROUP IN SOLID SOUP AT 25000’. MET THE 20TH CW OVER HOLLAND & JOINED THEM FOR THE BOMB RUN. FOR SOME REASON THEY DID NOT BOMB ALL GENERATORS & BATT, WENT DEAD WITH FULL BOOST ON. GAS LOW SO DROPPED OUT OF FORMATION TO GET RID OF BOMBS. THEY WOULD NOT SALVO SO CHOPPED THEM OUT OVER HOLLAND. JUST MADE FIELD WITH GAS & CHEATED THE NORTH SEA. AMEN TO THAT ONE. AWARDED AIR MEDAL.
11/15/44 – 165L-Love HANAU (AIR FIELD)
TIME – 7:00 LOAD 40X100 GP VISUAL
VERY LIGHT FLAK – NO BALL
11/16/44 – “FINAL APPROACH” 425O-Oboe AACHEN LINES ON FRONT (ESCHWEILER)
TIME – 6:00 LOAD 20X260 FRAGS
LIGHT FLAK. BASE WEATHERED IN ON RETURN – LANDED AT BLYTON. 5322N – 0041W, 90 MI NW OF BASE. RETURNED TO BASE TWO DAYS LATER.
11/21/44 – “FINAL APPROACH” 425-Q HAMBURG OIL REFINERY (HARBURG) (CP)
TIME – 7:00 LOAD 12X500 GP VIS
VERY INTENSE FLAK. IT DID NOT SEEM POSSIBLE TO GO IN WITHOUT BEING SHOT DOWN, I WILL NEVER UNDERSTAND HOW THEY MISSED US.
11/26/44 – “YOU CAN’T TAKE IT WITH YOU” 165-L-Love BIELEFELD BRIDGE (P)
TIME – 6:00 LOAD 8X1000 G.P. VISUAL
FLAK IN & OUT BUT VERY LITTLE OVER TARGET – SALVO BOMBS THROUGH LEFT DOORS
12/6/44 – 21 B-Baker BIELEFELD M.Y. McGOUGH (CP)
TIME – 6:00 LOAD 8X1000 GP PFF
LIGHT FLAK OVER TARGET
12/10/44 – “WOLF’S LAIR” 352-K BINGEN M.Y. (FRANKFURT) (IP)
TIME – 6:15 LOAD 42X100 G.P 2XM17 500# VIS
NO BALL - INSTRUCTOR PILOT
12/11/44 – “PIED PIEPER” 206-S HANAU M.Y. (P)
TIME – 7:15 LOAD 6X1000 GH
IN SOUP MOST OF TIME. LONG HAUL OVER FRANCE.
TIME – 6:15 LOAD 24X250 GP VIS
VERY ACCURATE FLAK FIRE – LOST TOO MANY SHIPS – WING MAN SHOT DOWN. BLEW TAIL OFF HIS SHIP. ONE CHUTE SEEN TO LEAVE PLANE. SUPPORT OF GROUND TROOPS
12/28/44 – “YANKEE BUZZ BOMB” 340N-Nan ST. WENDEL (IP)
TIME – 5:25 LOAD 2X500 M1, 10X500 GP PFF
LOST ALL GENERATORS OVER CHANNEL. NO INSTRUMENTS OR HEAT ON TRIP. VERY COLD. COMMENDED BY COL. FOR GOING OVER TARGET
12/30/44 – “PIED PIEPER” [sic] 206-S NEUWID
TIME – 5:30 LOAD 6X1000 GP
LIGHT FLAK – TRACKING
1/7/45 – “FINAL APPROACH” 425O-Oboe RASTATT
TIME – 7:45 LOAD 6X1000 G.P. VIS
MODERATE FLAK BUT VERY ACCURATE. FEW HOLES IN SHIP
1/14/45 – “BIG CHIEF, LIL BEAVER” 515B[sic] BRUNSWICK (HALLENDORF)
TIME – 7:50 LOAD 10X500 GP, 2X500M1 VIS
INTENSE FLAK OVER TARGET – FLAK ALL THE WAY IN & OUT. MADE PASSES AT HALF A DOZEN LARGE CITIES TO THROW JERRIE OFF. VERY LUCKY, AS WE ONLY WERE HIT WITH ONE BURST AT THE NOSE, NO ONE HURT ON CREW.
1/21/45 – “BIG CHIEF…” 514B MANNHEIM (HEILBRONN)
TIME – 7:30 LOAD 12X500 GP
WEATHER WAS SOCKED IN UP TO 22000’. DID NOT MAKE CONTACT WITH GROUP SO BOMBED WITH B-17’s. ALT. 26600. TEMP, 65 deg BELOW ZERO. IAS 140MPH. NO FLAPS. INTENSE FLAK 155mm COMMENDED FOR GETTING BOMBS OVER TARGET UNDER ADVERSE CONDITIONS. GROUP HAD A NO BALL. DAMMIT.
1/28/45 – “BIG CHIEF, LIL BEAVER” 514B DORTMUND OIL PLANT
TIME – 6:30 LOAD 12X500 G.P. VIS
THIS WAS THE PAY OFF. ONLY TWO SQDNS GOT OFF ON ACCOUNT OF SNOWSTORM. TOOK OFF IN SNOW STORM ON INST. FLAK WAS INTENSE AT TARGET 270 GUNS. SAW TWO 24s & ONE FIGHTER GO DOWN. ONE 24 IN FLAMES FELL A THOUSAND FEET & EXPLODED. GIVE THANKS TO THE LORD FOR GETTING THROUGH THAT ONE.
(Courtesy: Steve Colleti)
TIME – 7:50 LOAD 8X500 – 4 M17s
BRIEFED FOR BERLIN BUT WEATHER WAS BAD. 10/10 ALL THE WAY. DIVERTED TO R.A.F. BASE IN NORTH ENGLAND. LANDED AT BASE NEXT DAY. RECALL
2/3/45 – “BIG CHIEF…” 514B MAGDEBURG
TIME – 7:00 LOAD 8X500 4 M17s VIS
HEAVY FLAK. HAD ELECTRICAL FIRE IN COCKPIT RIGHT AFTER TAKE-OFF. PUT FIRE OUT & LANDED. LATE GETTING OFF AGAIN & HAD TO CATCH FORMATION OVER HOLLAND
2/6/45 – “BIG CHIEF…” 514B MAGDEBURG
TIME – 7:30 LOAD 10X500 GP 4 M17s
WHAT A TRIP. MADE A COOK’S TOUR OF THE RHUR VALLEY. FLAK ALL HE WAY OUT. LOST TWO SHIPS OVER MUNSTER. FLAK KNOCKED GLASS TOP OUT OF COCKPIT. LUCKY ON THAT ONE.
2/15/45 – “BIG CHIEF, LIL BEAVER” 514B MAGDEBURG
TIME – 7:30 LOAD 12X500 GP
HEAVY FLAK. GOOD MISSION OTHERWISE
3/1/45 – “WOLF’S[sic] LAIR” 352K INGOLSTADT
TIME – 8:15 LOAD 10X500 GP
ONE LONG HOP – SEEN THE SWISS ALPS, GOOD VIEW. WITHDRAWAL ROUTE LED EAST OF MUNICH. LIGHT FLAK OVER TARGET
3/7/45 – ABORT – NO MISSION CREDIT
LOST #3 ENGINE OVER NORTH SEA. IMPELLER BLEW UP & BLEW HOLE IN INDUCTION SYSTEM. FIRE STARTED & TRIED TO FEATHER PROP, BUT ENGINE FROZE FIRST. SALVOED BOMBS & CAME HOME. SEA LOOKED COLD, BUT CLOSE ON THAT ONE.
3/8/45 – “PIED PIEPER” 206S DILLENBURG M.Y. GH
BOMB LOAD 24X250 TIME - 7:00
3/14/45 – “BIG CHIEF…” 514B DORTMUND M.Y. (HOLZWICKEDE)
TIME – 7:45 LOAD 44X100 GPs, 2X500 M17s
LIGHT FLAK – FIGHTERS. 3 SHIPS BLEW UP ON GROUND BEFORE T.O. WHEN GUNNER SHOT TRACERS INTO BOMB LOAD OF ANOTHER SHIP. 7 SHIPS IN ALL DAMAGED OR BURNED. #2 SURGED OVER 20 INCHES & #3 PROP GOVERNOR WAS…[missing text]
3/18/45 – “BIG CHIEF…” 514B BERLIN ARM. FACTORY
TIME – 8:00 LOAD 52 M47s INCD. VISUAL
INTENSE FLAK FOR 5 MIN BEFORE & 10 MIN AFTER BOMBS AWAY. I NEVER DREAMED SO MUCH FLAK COULD BE PUT UP. SEEN 4 SHIPS BLOW UP & TWO GO DOWN OUT OF CONTROL. NUMBER 4 ENGINE GOT A DIRECT HIT & HAD TO FEATHER OVER TARGET. CAME BACK ON THREE. NUMBER TWO WAS READY TO QUIT OVER NORTH SEA. SUB DEPOT HAS TO CHANGE THREE ENGINES ON SHIP. I WANT NO MORE LIKE THAT. THE CREW WAS READY TO BAIL OUT ON A MOMENTS NOTICE. DON’T BLAME THEM. ILLEGIBLE …IS ALL THAT BROUGHT US BACK.
3/20/45 – 487R HEMMINGSTADT
TIME – 5:45 LOAD 12X500 G.P.s VISUAL
NICE MISSION ONLY FLAK WAS OVER HELOGOLAND
3/22/45 – 340N KITZINGEN A.F.
TIME – 8:35 LOAD 52X100 GAS 2700
LONG HAUL. LIGHT FLAK OVER RHINE COMING OUT. ALT 14700
3/23/45 – 487R OSNABRUCK M.Y.
TIME – 5:20 LOAD 14X500 GPs VISUAL
INTENSE FLAK OVER TARGET. HIT IN BOMB BAY. ROUGH.
3/24/45 – 575O RORSHAIN A.F (KIRTORF)
TIME – 6:40 LOAD 52X100 G.P.s
NO BALL. GOOD MISSION – JERRY GOT IT IN THE PANTS TODAY. EVERYTHING WAS UP TODAY.
3/25/45 – 457Q HITZACKER OIL DUMP
TIME – 6:00 LOAD 20X300 GPs
VERY LITTLE FLAK OVER LINES, BUT CAME SO NEAR TO GETTING IT FROM A ME262. IT CAME IN OVER THE TAIL & WENT OUT OVER THE COCKPIT, JUST ABOUT 10FT OVER US. 51s SHOT IT DOWN OFF OUR WING A FEW SECONDS LATER. CLOSE
3/30/45 – 487R WILHELMSHAVEN C. COLOGNE & DOCKS
TIME – 6:00 LOAD 8X1000 G.P. VISUAL
THEY THREW UP EVERYTHING BUT THE KITCHEN SINK. WHAT A TARGET FOR THE LAST ONE. BACK OKAY THOUGH & ALL THROUGH. THANK THE LORD FOR THAT.
NOW FOR HOME
Distinguished Flying Cross
Maj Valin Woodward (755BS CO) presents Lt Lawson with the DFC - May 1945
AN EIGHTH AIR FORCE LIBERATOR STATION, ENGLAND -- 1st Lt. Boyd L. Lawson (right) of Billings, Mont. is decorated with the Distinguished Flying Cross by Major Valin R. Woodward, squadron commander, of Arlington, Tex. The DFC was awarded Lt. Lawson for extraordinary achievement as a lead crew bombardier-navigator with a squadron of the 458th Bombardment Group. He has flown on 30 combat bombing missions in a B-24 Liberator heavy bomber over European targets, and has been overseas since Aug. 12, 1944. A few prominent missions included Berlin, Bielefeld, Paderborn, Hanau, Magdeburg, Leipzig, Osnabruck, Hanover, Harburg, Leipheim and Dortmund.
Lt. Lawson, whose wife, Mrs. Valdia M. Lawson, lives at 312 South 34th St., Billings, is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Boyd A. Lawson, 122 Avenue B, Billings, Mont. In civilian life, he was a chemist for Yale Oil Corp. Of Billings, Mont. He graduated from Billings High School in 1940, attended Billings Polytechnic School for two years, was commissioned Second Lieutenant April 1, 1944 and promoted to First Lieutenant Dec. 16, 1944.
The 458th Bombardment Group, which is a part of Brig. Gen. Walter Peck’s Second Air Division, has completed 240 combat missions over European targets.
(Courtesy: Scott Clark)