458th Bombardment Group (H)

  Honoring those who served with the 458th BG during World War II

Hathorn Crew - Assigned 753rd Squadron - August 25, 1944

Back Row: Bob Lackamp - N, Glenn Wilson - CP, Robert Gunderson - G, Vern Savage - RO, Lawrence Everett - B, Robert Savage - Radar Nav
Front Row: Carl Winters - E, John Gallagher - Pltg Nav, Harold Baynes - G, Scott Hathorn - P, Robert Hudnall -G

Photo taken at Horsham St Faith, 1945 with additional lead crew members.
(Photo: Ray Gallagher)

Completed Tour

HathornCrew
 Rank  Name  Serial #  Pos Date Status  Comments
Capt Scott Hathorn, Jr 0767542 Pilot 18-May-45  CT Awards - Distinguished Flying Cross 
1Lt Glenn W Wilson 0771193 Co-pilot 04-May-45 CT Air Crew Leave
1Lt Robert D Lackamp 0723381 Navigator 18-May-45 CT Awards - Distinguished Flying Cross
1Lt Lawrence W Everett 0773323 Bombardier May-45 CT Awards - Distinguished Flying Cross
T/Sgt Vernon A Savage 18198592  Radio Operator 17-May-45 CT Transferred to 753rd Sqdn
T/Sgt Carl L Winters 3131157 Flight Engineer 17-May-45 CT Transferred to 753rd Sqdn
S/Sgt Harold P Baynes 34593360 Armorer-Gunner 17-May-45 CT Transferred to 753rd Sqdn
S/Sgt Robert H Gunderson  37577665 Aerial Gunner 17-May-45 CT Transferred to 753rd Sqdn
S/Sgt Robert D Hudnall 35224376 Aerial Gunner 17-May-45 CT Transferred to 753rd Sqdn
Sgt Carl T Stoddard 11122711 Radar Observer (RCM)  10-Apr-45 UNK Reclassified from MOS 611-866

2Lt Scott Hathorn and crew arrived at Horsham St. Faith in late August 1944 and were assigned to the 753rd Squadron.  Hathorn flew his first mission (a "check ride") on September 11, 1944 without his crew. After this date, the 458th was involved in "Truckin' missions", (ferrying gasoline to Patton's 3rd Army in France) flying no operational missions until October.  They did not fly their first combat mission as a crew until October 5, 1944.  The were transferred to the 755th Squadron (lead squadron) on October 23, 1944, but it appears that they did not start flying group or squadron lead missions until December.


2Lt Glenn Wilson, the crew’s co-pilot, would normally have been displaced by a command pilot and assigned to another crew.  It appears, however, that he flew several, if not all, of his missions with Hathorn’s crew.  Many co-pilots of lead crews were utilized as “Formation Control Officers”, flying as a gunner and reporting the condition of the formation to the command pilot.  A gunner’s position on this crew opened up shortly after their arrival that may have helped Wilson to remain with the crew.


On September 7th, Sgt Carl T. Stoddard was sent to AAF113 Cheddington (Marsworth) to attend Radar Counter Measures (RCM) School.  Unfortunately, during that time, he must have run into a little trouble as he was reduced to the grade of private.  By mid-December he had been reinstated as a sergeant and had also been reclassified as an RCM Operator (MOS 866).  Stoddard’s apparent proclivity for mischief would come back to haunt him, when on January 19, 1945 his stripes were again taken away and he was once more reduced to private and reclassified back to his old MOS 611 (gunner). The last mention of Stoddard in the 458th records show that he had regained his sergeant stripes by mid-April 1945.  While Stoddard did manage to get in at least five missions before January (squadron records show he was awarded the Air Medal in December) it is not known how many combat missions he eventually flew or with which crew he was assigned after his return to Horsham after RCM training.


A lead crew normally required three navigators. The first was a Dead Reckoning (DR) navigator.  The DR navigator would keep the aircraft’s position on his charts using the plane’s various instruments and his E6B computer.  On Hathorn’s crew, Lt Robert Lackamp was the DR navigator.  He joined the crew in the States, and had been with them throughout training. The second navigator was the pilotage navigator who usually was positioned in the nose turret with a set of maps.  He was used for visual navigation (when there was visibility) to help the DR navigator pinpoint their position.  Lt John E. Gallagher was Hathorn’s pilotage navigator.  He had been assigned to the crew of 2Lt Howard T. Warrell who had joined the group and been assigned to the 753rd Squadron on the same day as Hathorn.  On November 23rd, Gallagher was transferred to the 755th and onto Hathorn’s crew.  The third navigator was the Radar, or Mickey Navigator who utilized the H2X radar equipment.  He was either positioned on the flight deck near the radio operator or further back in the bomb bay depending on where the equipment was installed.  Mickey duties fell to Lt Robert E. Savage who came to the 458th on January 17, 1945 as an individual replacement crew member.


Records show that on April 2, 1945 Robert Lackamp was transferred to the 753rd Squadron and became their squadron navigator.  He flew at least one more mission with his old crew on April 14, 1945, as is evidenced by his name on the Lead Crew Commendation they received on this date.


Hathorn’s crew flew a full combat tour, although some crew members may have been one or two missions shy of the 30 required for a lead crew. Wing crews (non-lead) were required to fly 35 missions.  They were awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross (DFC) in May 1945. Prior to movement back to the States, the crew was transferred to the 753rd Squadron.


Missions

HathornMissions
Date  Target  458th Msn Pilot Msn Cmd Pilot Ld Serial RCL Sqdn  A/C Msn  A/C Name  Comments
11-Sep-44 MAGDEBURG 126 1     41-28735 V J3 35 UNKNOWN 005  
26-Sep-44 HSF to LILLE TR09 --     41-28714 G 389BG T3 CYCLONE/UTTERLY DEVASTATING  DID NOT UNLOAD
28-Sep-44 HSF to LILLE TR11 --     41-28705 X 753 T7 YE OLDE HELLGATE TRUCKIN' MISSION
30-Sep-44 HSF to LILLE TR13 --     42-28739 D   T8 NOT 458TH SHIP - HETHEL TRUCKIN' MISSION
05-Oct-44 PADERBORN 128 2     44-40277 P J4 12 MISS USED  
09-Oct-44 KOBLENZ 131 3     42-50864 B J3 7 JOLLY ROGER (II?)  
12-Oct-44 OSNABRUCK 132 4     42-95133 K J4 3 LADY JANE  
17-Oct-44 COLOGNE 135 5     42-50575 E J3 3 UNKNOWN 020  
30-Oct-44 HARBURG 139 6     42-50575 E J3 6 UNKNOWN 020  
04-Nov-44 MISBURG 141 7     44-10487 B J3 16 Girl on surfboard (no name)  
08-Nov-44 RHEINE 144 8     42-50516 I J3 9 STARDUST  
16-Nov-44 ESCHWEILER 147 9     42-50575 O J3 9 UNKNOWN 020  
25-Nov-44 BINGEN 149 10     42-50499 U J3 20 COOKIE/OPEN POST  
06-Dec-44 BIELEFELD 153 11     42-50608 W J3 10 FILTHY McNAUGHTY  
11-Dec-44 HANAU 155 12     42-50575 O J3 14 UNKNOWN 020  
24-Dec-44 SCHONECKEN 157 13     42-50516 V Z5 13 STARDUST  
25-Dec-44 PRONSFELD 158 14     42-50516 V J3 14 STARDUST  
30-Dec-44 NEUWIED 161 15 QUINN D3 42-50516 V J3 16 STARDUST  
03-Jan-45 NEUNKIRCHEN 165 16 BETZOLD L2 42-50516 V J3 17 STARDUST  
13-Jan-45 KAISERLAUTERN 169 ABT   DL 42-50575 O J3 -- UNKNOWN 020 LEAKING GAS
08-Feb-45 RHEINE M/Y, OSNABRUCK  REC -- WILLIAMS   42-95557 H J3 -- LADY PEACE RECALL - WEATHER
09-Feb-45 MAGDEBURG 179 17 PHILLIP L2 42-95557 H J3 21 LADY PEACE  
15-Feb-45 MAGDEBURG 182 18 QUINN L3 42-51939 G J3 16 UNKNOWN 028 REPLACED 557
17-Feb-45 ASCHAFFENBURG M/Y REC -- SIMES   44-49743 F J3 -- EASTERN BEAST RECALL - WEATHER
19-Feb-45 MESCHADE 184 19 SIMES D1 44-48837 L J3 8 UNKNOWN 041  
22-Feb-45 PEINE-HILDESHEIM 186 20 QUINN D1 44-48837 L J3 10 UNKNOWN 041  
23-Feb-45 GERA-REICHENBACH 187 21   L2 42-95557 H J3 25 LADY PEACE  
25-Feb-45 SCHWABISCH-HALL 189 22 QUINN D1 42-51669 J J3 11 UNKNOWN 026  
01-Mar-45 INGOLSTADT 193 23 RUE D1 44-48837 L J3 13 UNKNOWN 041  
03-Mar-45 NIENBURG 195 24 GOODFRIEND  D1 42-95557 H J3 27 LADY PEACE  
05-Mar-45  HARBURG 197 25 RUE D1 44-48837 L J3 15 UNKNOWN 041  
14-Mar-45 HOLZWICKEDE 203 REC   L3 44-49261 A J3 -- UNKNOWN 042 RECALLED - GRND ACC
15-Mar-45 ZOSSEN 204 26 BETZOLD L1 42-51936 I J3 20 UNKNOWN 027 LOST #2 ENG - SORTIE 
21-Mar-45 HESEPE 209 27   L3 44-49261 A J3 14 UNKNOWN 042  
24-Mar-45 KIRKOFF 213 28   L2 44-49261 A J3 15 UNKNOWN 042  
05-Apr-45 PLAUEN 218 29 WOODWARD L2 42-51669 J J3 27 UNKNOWN 026  
09-Apr-45 LECHFELD 222 30 RUE L1 44-49261 A J3 17 UNKNOWN 042  
14-Apr-45 POINTE DE GRAVE 225 31 HOGG L1 44-50892 N J3 2 UNKNOWN 055 NEW SHIP


In Flight Gear

Scott Hathorn, Glenn Wilson and Bob Lackamp don flight gear outside of their living quarters

(Photos: Lawrence Everett)

1Lt Lawrence W. Everett - Bombardier

EverettMissions1
Sortie  Date  Target  Position  Notes
1 05-Oct-44 Paderborn A/F    Good vis
2 12-Oct-44 Osnabruck Wing PFF
3 17-Oct-44 Cologne Wing PFF
4 30-Oct-44 Harburg Dep Sec PFF
5 04-Nov-44 Misburg Dep Sec PFF
6 08-Nov-44  Rheine Dep  
7 16-Nov-44 Eschweiler Dep Sec Vis Good
8 25-Nov-44 Bingen Dep PFF
9 06-Dec-44 Bielefeld Dep PFF
10 11-Dec-44 Hanau    
11 24-Dec-44 Schonecken    
12 25-Dec-44 Pelm Lead 2nd Vis Good
13 30-Dec-44 Neuwald    
14 03-Jan-45 Zweibrucken Abt Lead 2nd  PFF (On smoke) 
15 04-Feb-45 Magdeburg Lead 2nd PFF

EverettMissions2
 Sortie Date  Target  Position  Notes
16 15-Feb-45 Magdeburg Lead PFF
17 19-Feb-45 Meschede A/F    
18 22-Feb-45 Peine M/Y Dep Group Vis
19 23-Feb-45 Gera Lead 2nd PFF
20 25-Feb-45 Schwabisch Hall A/F  Dep Group Vis Good
21 01-Mar-45 Ingolstadt M/Y Dep Group PFF
22 03-Mar-45  Gotersloh   H2X
23 05-Mar-45 Harburg Group H2X
24 15-Mar-45 Diepholz Abt Group Lead  Vis Good
25 21-Mar-45 Hesepe A/F 3rd Sec Vis Good
26 24-Mar-45 Kirtorf A/F 2nd Sec Vis Good
27 05-Apr-45 Plauen Lead Group H2X
28 09-Apr-45 Lechfeld Lead Group Vis Good 
29 14-Apr-45 Pt de Grave Lead Wing Vis Good

Mission list of Lawrence Everett - Click here for handwritten original

February 17, 1945

Gathered in front of Eastern Beast (743-F) after a mission recall
(L-R) Bob Savage, Bob Lackamp, Scott Hathorn, Glenn Wilson, Carl Winters, Vern Savage


(Photo: Eva Collins)

April 14, 1945 - Pointe De Grave

A mission of a different sort fell our lot on the 14th.  The extremely important target of POINTE DE GRAVE at the mouth of the Gironde Estuary in France which had been occupied by the Nazis and by-passed by the Allies, was to be attacked by the entire Eighth Air Force in coordination with the French ground forces who would move in as soon as this area had been bombed.

 

In order to illustrate the importance of eliminating this pocket, we quote from 2AD Intelligence Annex #1 to Field Order 657: “It is estimated that there are 122,000 Nazis in the area under attack by the 2AD and 3AD tomorrow.  The region is very well defended.  The ground defenses are heavy, including anti-tank ditches, barb wire, trenches, pill boxes and other emplacements.  The Nazi soldiers in these isolated places have spent most of their time in such construction.  There are many heavy gun positions, well manned and well supplied with ammunition, as is evidenced by the number of Allied A/C damaged when flying over the area.  These garrisons have been supplied by submarines, coastal craft, and air transport.  In many months these methods have not functioned so well.  As a result, the Nazis have made frequent raids on nearby civilian areas, driving off cattle and other animals.”


LT COL HOGG was the Command Pilot leading the Group on this mission, placing 26 A/C over the targets, dropping 86x2000 GP’s with the following results: 26 A/C attacked targets No. 17 & 38, Pointe De Grave visually.  SAV shows first and third squadron results excellent, second squadron fair, and fourth squadron fair to poor. 


We quote a letter from General Jacob L. Devers, Commanding General of the Sixth Army Group, which was forwarded to General Doolittle and in return, down to the Groups participating in this mission.  Quote “General De Larminat, commanding the Army Detachment of the Atlantic, wishes me to express his sincere gratitude for the cooperation you and the members of your command exhibited in the planning and execution of OPERATION VENERABLE.  The weight and accuracy of the bombing effort on the heavily fortified areas of Royan and Point De Grave achieved excellent results and made it possible to open the Gironde Estuary with the minimum of casualties to our ground forces.  Your forces showed a high sense of combat efficiency and camaraderie in the accomplishment of a job well done.” Unquote

 

Receiving such a splendid commendation made every man in the organization feel proud to be a unit of the greatest Air Force in the world.

SAV (Strike Attack Vertical) images show the results of the 458th's efforts on this date


Distinguished Flying Cross - May 26, 1945

Scott Hathorn, Bob Lackamp and Lawrence Everett receive the DFC from Col Herzberg.

Additional photos

Photos: Eva Collins & Lawrence Everett