458th Bombardment Group (H)

  Honoring those who served with the 458th BG during World War II

Crew 21 - Assigned 753rd Squadron - October 7, 1944

Standing: Philip Clark - P, Sidney Moore - CP, Louis Haley - N, David Hoobler - B
Kneeling: Paul Demkey - NTG, Hugh Donovan - BTG, Samuel "Oakie" Croley - TT/E, Walter Fifer - RO, Gordon Tolleson - TG, Charles Innis - WG/E

(Photo: Scott Fifer)

Transferred to 93rd BG

ClarkCrew
 Rank  Name  Serial #  Pos Date Status   Comments
1Lt Philip R Clark 0736994 Pilot 17-May-44  TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
1Lt Sidney A Moore 0811120 Co-pilot 17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
1Lt Louis A Haley 0811592 Navigator 16-Apr-44 TRSF Training at GH Pathfinder Sch 
1Lt David E Hoobler 0752857 Bombardier 17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
T/Sgt Walter C Fifer 35576191 Radio Operator 17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
T/Sgt Charles S Innis 31163757 Flight Engineer 17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
S/Sgt Paul W Demkey 39692053 Nose Turret Gunner  17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
S/Sgt Samuel D Croley 18194417 Top Turret Gunner 17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
S/Sgt Hugh K Donovan 35685671 Ball Turret Gunner 17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG
S/Sgt Gordon C Tolleson  16159648 Tail Turret Gunner 17-May-44 TRSF Transferred to 328BS 93BG

Lt Philip Clark and Crew 21 trained with the 458th in Tonopah and moved overseas with them in January 1944.  The ship they flew to England, B-24H-1-DT 41-28628, was sent to the 446th BG in February 1944.  This crew was evidently chosen to be a lead crew very early on.  They participated in both of the diversionary missions in late February in the 458th's support of "Big Week".  753rd Squadron Commander, Maj Frederick O'Neill flew with them on February 24th, and Group CO Col James Isbell went as the mission commander on the 25th.

The crew flew on the group's first combat mission on March 2, 1944. Their command pilot on this date was Capt Jack Bogusch, 753rd Squadron Operations Officer, who would be killed on the first Berlin raid four days later.  On March 8, 1944 Capt Charles Booth flew with Clark as deputy lead to Berlin.  Somewhere near Hannover, Booth was hit in the legs by flak.  Moved from the co-pilot's seat to the flight deck, he refused morphine, remained alert and in command of the mission.  He was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross (DSC) for his actions on this date.  The crew flew three additional missions in March, although they were forced to abort twice.  On March 16th, according to notes by T/Sgt Walter Fifer, "Group bombed sea plane base & factory at Friedrickshafen, Germany. We were to fly deputy lead with Major O’Neill as CoPilot. While climbing through clouds ice formed on wings, etc. and we stalled out (a close call). We salvaged the bombs to lighten load, we landed, refueled, picked up more bombs but we couldn’t catch the group." On March 18th the crew were forced to turn back due to a gas leak and supercharger troubles.

In April the crew participated in seven missions, aborting one time, again with mechanical issues; and, on the 21st being recalled about 20 minutes away from the target.  Five of these missions were flown in lead spots with a command pilot aboard.  Four lead missions would follow in May, at which time the crew were chosen as a full time lead crew and were transferred to the 93rd Bomb Group at Hardwick.  Navigator Lt Louis Haley had proceeded the rest of the crew in April.  At this time in the 2nd Bombardment Division, lead crews were concentrated only in certain groups, the 93rd and 389th in particular.  These crews would then be assigned to fly with other groups as lead planes, utilizing a command pilot from the "host" group.  So in the month of June 1944, while assigned to the 93rd Bomb Group, Clark and crew were slated to fly lead for the 458th on three occasions.  Capt John Ollum, Operations Officer in the 755th Squadron, flew as command pilot with them twice, while Capt Rodney Freeman, the 753rd Squadron Operations Officer, flew with them once.

Crew 21 flew 15 credited sorties while with the 458th.  The aircraft they flew most and considered "their ship" was B-24J-100-CO 42-100408, and according to Walter Fifer was named Lady Luck.  They flew this aircraft on 15 occasions and were sorry to leave it behind.  All of the crew completed their combat tour with the 93rd Bomb Group in late July or early August and were rotated back to the States.

Missions with 458th

ClarkMissionsRev
Date  Target 458th Msn Pilot Msn  Cmd Pilot Ld Serial RCL Sqdn A/C Msn  A/C Name  Comments
24-Feb-44 DUTCH COAST D1 -- O'NEILL D1 42-100408 -- J4 D1 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST Diversion Mission
25-Feb-44 DUTCH COAST D2 -- ISBELL L2 42-100408 -- J4 D2 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST Diversion Mission
02-Mar-44 FRANKFURT 1 1 BOGUSCH D2 42-100408 D J4 1 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST  
05-Mar-44 BORDEAUX/MERIGNAC 3 2     42-100408 D J4 3 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST LAND OFF STATION
08-Mar-44 BERLIN/ERKNER 5 3 BOOTH D2 42-100431 B J4 2 BOMB-AH-DEAR BOOTH WIA
16-Mar-44 FRIEDRICHSHAFEN 8 ABT O'NEILL D1 42-100408 D J4 -- LADY LUCK / THE BEAST WING'S ICED OVER
18-Mar-44 FRIEDRICHSHAFEN 9 ABT HENSLER L2 42-100408 D J4 -- LADY LUCK / THE BEAST GAS LEAK / SUPERCHGR 
26-Mar-44 BONNIERES 14 4 O'NEILL L1 42-100408 D J4 5 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST NO DROP - NAV ERROR
08-Apr-44 BRUNSWICK/WAGGUM 17 5 O'NEILL L2 42-100408 D J4 6 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST E/A 1-DEST, 1-DMG
10-Apr-44 BOURGES A/F 19 6 FREEMAN D1 42-100341 A J4 7 SATAN'S MATE  
13-Apr-44 LECHFELD A/F 21 7 MOORE D2 42-100341 A J4 9 SATAN'S MATE LAND OFF STATION
19-Apr-44 PADERBORN A/F 23 NTO CHAMBERLAIN  D1 42-100408 D J4 -- LADY LUCK / THE BEAST  STARTER SHAFT
20-Apr-44 SIRACOURT 24 8     41-29273 Q J4 20 FLAK MAGNET  
21-Apr-44 ZWICKAU A/C FACTORY REC -- O'NEILL L2 42-100341 A J4 -- SATAN'S MATE RECALL - WEATHER
25-Apr-44 MANNHEIM A/F 27 9     42-100431 B J4 13 BOMB-AH-DEAR ONE ENGINE OUT
26-Apr-44 PADERBORN A/F 28 ABT HINCKLEY D2 42-100431 B J4 -- BOMB-AH-DEAR OIL PRES #1 ENG
01-May-44 MARQUISE/MIMOYECQUES  32 10     42-100408 D J4 9 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST  
04-May-44 BRUNSWICK/WAGGUM 34 11 HENSON L2 42-100408 D J4 11 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST RECALL - SORTIE
07-May-44 OSNABRUCK 36 12 FREEMAN L 42-100408 D J4 12 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST MALONEY (LEAD NAV?)
08-May-44 BRUNSWICK 37 13     42-100408 D J4 13 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST  
09-May-44 ST. TROND 38 14 HENSLER L 42-100408 D J4 14 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST Lt THOMPSON NTG
12-May-44  BOHLEN 40 15 MOORE L 42-100408 D J4 15 LADY LUCK / THE BEAST #2 ENG OUT OF GAS
07-Jun-44 LISIEUX 59 -- OLLUM L1 -- -- RE -- 93BG/329SQ 93BG CREW - CLARK
08-Jun-44 PONTAUBAULT 60 -- FREEMAN L2 -- -- -- -- YARD BIRD 93BG CREW - CLARK
17-Jun-44 GUYANCOURT 67 -- OLLUM L 42-95124 K RE -- 93BG/329SQ 93BG CREW - CLARK


A Radioman's Log

T/Sgt Walter Fifer, the crew's radio operator, kept a very detailed diary of the crew's time in the ETO.  His son Scott has created an excellent website A Radioman's Log where the entire diary, photos, and a timeline of Walter's military service are on display.  Below is the entry for the March 8th mission to Berlin.

Mission 3 - March 8, 1944
I must say it is sure a grand feeling to be back in England tonight and I don’t care much for England.  We had quite a day as we went to Berlin known as “Big B” to us.  We flew Satan’s Mate and everything went pretty well until we got into heavy flak at Hanover going in.  Capt. Booth was flying as Command pilot and at that point he was hit by  a piece of flak.  I was standing right behind him and when he jumped about a foot off the seat I thought his electric suit had shocked him.  The flak took the tips off the fingers of his right hand, the top off his right knee and then lodged in the back of his left leg.  We were at 25,000 feet where it was 40 below zero so the wounds didn’t bleed much.  I called  Lt. Moore up from the waist and we did what we could for the Capt.,  then Moore took the co-pilot seat.  I kept working with him.  His electric trousers were in such a condition I was afraid they would short out so I disconnected them and turned the heat up on his coat & gloves.  I wrapped blankets & coats around his legs to try and keep them warm.  I don’t think he will be handicapped permanently but he will be laid up for some time.  He sure took it like a man and wouldn’t let me give him any morphine.  I should’ve anyway.  We went on in and the group did a swell job on the ball bearing factory.  I got a glance at it and it was in ruins.  I was pretty busy most of the time but it seemed like we would never get home.  We had some bombs hung up that we couldn’t get out so we landed with them to get the Capt. to a doctor.  We had about 10 flak holes.  One life raft was ruined.  Two of our ships are missing. The 8th air force lost about 35 heavies today.  (Toll’s guns were froze all the way)

B-24J-100-CO 42-100408 J4  Lady Luck / The Beast

Lady Luck

The aircraft that Crew 21 called their own, showing 18 mission symbols, 2 decoy symbols for the February diversion missions, and symbols representing five German fighters knocked down.  One of those fighters belonged to
flight engineer, T/Sgt Charles Innis, who was awarded a fighter "destroyed" on the April 8, 1944 mission to Brunswick.  Ball Turret Gunner, S/Sgt Hugh Donovan was awarded a fighter "damaged" on the same date. This Liberator possibly under went a dramatic change in nose art later on with the group and became known as The Beast.

Lieutenant's Lloyd Andrew and Frank Rizzo of Crew 36
Robert Maloney (Crew 36) and Capt Leland Griffith, 753BS Ops Officer

The Beast shown above with the pilot's armor plate in place and the "scoreboard" still intact, although several additional mission symbols have been added.  While the aircraft designation information appears to be aft of the armor plate, it is not legible.  At left, a rare color photo with an unknown airman.    (Photos: Brendan Wood)
 
February 26, 1945 - The Beast at the head of the line for the group's 200th mission
 
June 1945 - Ship #408 and her Ferry Crew, ready for return to the States
(note pilot's armor plating has been removed)

This Liberator had quite the career with the 458th.  An original aircraft, it was flown on the group's first mission, February 24, 1944 - a diversionary feint to the Dutch Coast in support of "Big Week"; and on the group's 239th mission on April 20, 1945 to Zwiesel, Germany.  This ship remained in the 753rd Squadron for its entire career, amassing a total of 54 credited sorties. A former group lead aircraft, it was relegated to a "wing" ship in June 1944.  This ship also took part on six AZON missions flown by the 753rd Squadron in the summer of 1944.

There are several gaps in the Liberator's mission dates that may explain the relatively low mission count.  Between June 22 and July 20 no missions are recorded.  There is evidence that an emergency landing took place at Horsham on June 23rd and is the reason for this. Former 458th radio operator Walter Fifer, who had been transferred to the 93BG in May, made the following entry in his daily journal: "June 23 & 24- Sack time. Our old ship Lady Luck was shot up & crash landed at our old base. Our squadron has been stood down for a few days to get the ships back in condition".  Records for this particular incident are currently not available.  The second, and much longer period between combat flights came in mid-October 1944, when the last recorded mission was on the 19th to Mainz, Germany.  The next time #408 appears on records is January 29, 1945.  The reason for this hiatus is unknown.

Exactly when Lady Luck became The Beast (or, as some called it, Beastface), and the artwork changed is unknown.  Perhaps during one of the long spells of apparent inactivity, someone decided to spice up the nose a bit.